Kolomenskoye is a former Royal estate located in the southern part of Moscow. The estate borrowed its name from the ancient road leading to the town of Kolomna.
Not far from the centre of Kolomenskoye estate, there is the most ancient settlement on the territory of Moscow. This site known as Dyakovo Gorodishche is considered to be about 2.5 thousand years old.
The first mention of the village Kolomenskoye, which dates back from 1339, is found in the testament of the Moscow Grand Prince Ivan Kalita.
Beginning from the 15th century, Kolomenskoye served as a summer country residence for the Grand Dukes of Moscow and Russian Tsars. Due to this fact, a rich architectural heritage was formed in the area. The most significant attraction is the Ascension Church, which is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage monument. Another three architectural landmarks are located in the immediate vicinity of the Church: St. George the Victorious Bell Tower (16th c.), Water Tower (17th c.) and Hunting Pavilion (19th c.).
In 1923, Kolomenskoye was turned into an open-air museum of Wooden Architecture. Wooden architecture monuments of the 17th – 18th centuries were brought from all across Russia and collected in Kolomenskoye. Nowadays, meadery from the village of Preobrazhenskoe, the tower of the Bratsk prison from Siberia, the gate tower of Nicholas-Karelian Monastery from the White Sea coast, the house of Peter I from Arkhangelsk are an integral part of the Kolomenskoye museum.
The museum houses over two thousand Russian paintings from the 15th — 17th centuries, fragments of wood and stone carving and examples of the decorations of Moscow`s lost constructions and historical objects.
At the far end of the park is located its main highlight, the reconstructed palace of Tsar Alexei, a beautiful example of Russian architecture of the XVII century.
Among natural attractions of Kolomenskoye Park are apple orchards. The orchards, reconstructing the Tsar’s 17th century gardens and covering a vast part of Kolomenskoye Park, are ideal picnicking spots.
In winter there are far fewer visitors in the park and it looks even more impressive being dressed in white.
Kolomenskoye is one of the most favoured parks of Moscow citizens. The Park regularly hosts all kind of holidays and festivals.
Such a vast complex, might be cover by electric cart or by horse-drawn carriage with exciting audio tour on the way. Besides, tours within the museum’s water area are available during summer time.
In addition, visitors can do a costume photo shoot in the unique interiors of the Palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. Just choose one of the eight special costumes of Russian aristocracy created based on the paintings and sketches of the XVII century. Tickets are sold at the box office, located in the hall of the main entrance.
For those who want to spend some time in this quiet corner of the city, there is a three-star hotel right in the Kolomenskoye park. Website (Rus). Prices vary from 2000 to 5600 Rub per night.
Park is open daily from 8.00 (8 am) to 21.00 (9 pm)
Museums’ expositions are open daily, except Mondays
From April 1 to September 29: Tuesday-Friday and Sunday from 10.00 (10 am) to 18.00 (6 pm), Saturday from 11.00 (11 am) to 19.00 (7 pm)
From September 30 to March 31: Tuesday-Sunday from 10.00 (10 am) to 18.00 (6 pm).
Bells of St George’s belfry chime daily each quarter-hour from 13.30 (1.30 pm) – 15.30 (3.30 pm), except Monday and Tuesday.
Admission to the park is free.
Admission to the museums: from 50-350 rub.
On the 3rd Sunday of each month most museums of Kolomenskoye offer free admission to all.
To get to Kolomenskoye
Latitude: 55°40′14.1″ N (55.670580);
Longitude: 37°40′10.1″ E (37.669477)
The park occupies a very big area and the main attractions are located at opposite ends of the park. The reconstructed palace of Tsar Alexei is situated closer to Kashirskaya station while the Ascension Church and the original Tsar’s courtyard are located not far from the Kolomenskaya Station.
1. Take the Metro to the Kolomenskaya Station. Then leave the station through the exit near the front of the train and follow signs for the museum reserve and the Orbit Cinema (Rus: Кинотеатр Орбита). There is a side entrance, left along Novinki street (Rus: ул. Новинки).
You can enter the park either from Bolshaya street (Rus: ул. Большая) or Andropova Avenue (Rus: Проспект Андропова).
2. If you’re looking to get to the wooden palace first, follow until Kashirskaya station. Exit from the last carriage of the train from the downtown, turn right in the underpass, at the exit of metro turn left toward the tunnel which leads to the park entrance.
Another entrance, less popular, is located from the Kashirskoe highway (Rus: Каширское Шоссе).
Kolomenskoye Park Map
Major Attractions of Kolomenskoye:
Other Moscow attractions:
The Kremlin, a symbol of the Russian State, one of the greatest architectural complexes in the world, a treasure house of relics and monuments of art.
Izmailovsky Kremlin, a cultural and entertainment complex built with imitation of the Russian architecture of the 18th century.
Tsaritsino, a park with a magnificent historical architectural ensemble, picturesque ponds, musical fountains, scenic landscapes and timeless atmosphere.
Serednikovo, a manor ensemble representing the Russian neoclassical architecture of the 18th century.