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The Kolomenskoye estate

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Kolomenskoye is a former Royal estate located in the southern part of Moscow. The estate borrowed its name from the ancient road leading to the town of Kolomna.

Not far from the centre of Kolomenskoye estate, there is the most ancient settlement on the territory of Moscow. This site known as Dyakovo Gorodishche is considered to be about 2.5 thousand years old.

The first mention of the village Kolomenskoye, which dates back from 1339, is found in the testament of the Moscow Grand Prince Ivan Kalita.

ascension church of kolomenskoye

The Ascension Church of Kolomenskoye

Beginning from the 15th century, Kolomenskoye served as a summer country residence for the Grand Dukes of Moscow and Russian Tsars. Due to this fact, a rich architectural heritage was formed in the area. The most significant attraction is the Ascension Church, which is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage monument. Another three architectural landmarks are located in the immediate vicinity of the Church: St. George the Victorious Bell Tower (16th c.), Water Tower (17th c.) and Hunting Pavilion (19th c.).

In 1923, Kolomenskoye was turned into an open-air museum of Wooden Architecture. Wooden architecture monuments of the 17th – 18th centuries were brought from all across Russia and collected in Kolomenskoye. Nowadays, meadery from the village of Preobrazhenskoe, the tower of the Bratsk prison from Siberia, the gate tower of Nicholas-Karelian Monastery from the White Sea coast, the house of Peter I from Arkhangelsk are an integral part of the Kolomenskoye museum.

The museum houses over two thousand Russian paintings from the 15th — 17th centuries, fragments of wood and stone carving and examples of the decorations of Moscow`s lost constructions and historical objects.

At the far end of the park is located its main highlight, the reconstructed palace of Tsar Alexei, a beautiful example of Russian architecture of the XVII century.

apple orchards kolomenskoye

Apple orchards

Among natural attractions of Kolomenskoye Park are apple orchards. The orchards, reconstructing the Tsar’s 17th century gardens and covering a vast part of Kolomenskoye Park, are ideal picnicking spots.

In winter there are far fewer visitors in the park and it looks even more impressive being dressed in white.

Kolomenskoye is one of the most favoured parks of Moscow citizens. The Park regularly hosts all kind of holidays and festivals.

Such a vast complex, might be cover by electric cart or by horse-drawn carriage with exciting audio tour on the way. Besides, tours within the museum’s water area are available during summer time.

In addition, visitors can do a costume photo shoot in the unique interiors of the Palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. Just choose one of the eight special costumes of Russian aristocracy created based on the paintings and sketches of the XVII century. Tickets are sold at the box office, located in the hall of the main entrance.

For those who want to spend some time in this quiet corner of the city, there is a three-star hotel right in the Kolomenskoye park. Website (Rus). Prices vary from 2000 to 5600 Rub per night.

 

view over moscow from Kolomenskoye

The park of Kolomenskoye offers a spectacular view over the city

Opening hours:

Park is open daily from 8.00 (8 am) to 21.00 (9 pm)

Museums’ expositions are open daily, except Mondays
From April 1 to September 29: Tuesday-Friday and Sunday from 10.00 (10 am) to 18.00 (6 pm), Saturday from 11.00 (11 am) to 19.00 (7 pm)
From September 30 to March 31: Tuesday-Sunday from 10.00 (10 am) to 18.00 (6 pm).

Bells of St George’s belfry chime daily each quarter-hour from 13.30 (1.30 pm) – 15.30 (3.30 pm), except Monday and Tuesday.

Entrance fee:

Admission to the park is free.
Admission to the museums: from 50-350 rub.
On the 3rd Sunday of each month most museums of Kolomenskoye offer free admission to all.

 

To get to Kolomenskoye

Gps coordinates:
Latitude: 55°40′14.1″ N (55.670580);
Longitude: 37°40′10.1″ E (37.669477)

The park occupies a very big area and the main attractions are located at opposite ends of the park. The reconstructed palace of Tsar Alexei is situated closer to Kashirskaya station while the Ascension Church and the original Tsar’s courtyard are located not far from the Kolomenskaya Station.

1. Take the Metro to the Kolomenskaya Station. Then leave the station through the exit near the front of the train and follow signs for the museum reserve and the Orbit Cinema (Rus: Кинотеатр Орбита). There is a side entrance, left along Novinki street (Rus: ул. Новинки).
You can enter the park either from Bolshaya street (Rus: ул. Большая) or Andropova Avenue (Rus: Проспект Андропова).

Directions from Kolomenskaya Railway Station

getting-to-kolominskoye

2. If you’re looking to get to the wooden palace first, follow until Kashirskaya station. Exit from the last carriage of the train from the downtown, turn right in the underpass, at the exit of metro turn left toward the tunnel which leads to the park entrance.
Another entrance, less popular, is located from the Kashirskoe highway (Rus: Каширское Шоссе).

Directions from Kashirskaya Railway Station

getting-to-kolominskoye-from-kashirskaya

 

Kolomenskoye Park Map

by http://mgomz.com.

Kolomenskoye map

 

Major Attractions of Kolomenskoye:

The Ascension Church
One of the most remarkable attractions of Kolomenskoye is the Church of the Ascension, built in 1532 by Prince Vasili III to commemorate the birth of an heir to the throne, who was to become Tsar Ivan IV ‘the Terrible’.

The Ascension Church is the first tent-roof stone cathedral in Russia. The church served as a family chapel of the Russian Tsars during the 16th-17th centuries.

Unfortunately, the original iconostasis has not survived to the present day. It was replaced in the 19th century by that from the Monastery of the Ascension of the Moscow Kremlin. The 16th-century ‘Tsar’s Gates’, all that survives of the original iconostasis, are now kept in the Kolomenskoye Museum.

In 1994, the church was included into the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Nowadays, the church services are held on major religious holidays. For the rest of time it works as a museum.

The Ascension Churc Kolomenskoye

The Ascension Church

The wooden palace
In 1667-1671 Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich built a huge wooden palace in traditional Russian style of that period. Adorned with rich carvings and interior painting, it was deservedly considered a masterpiece of wooden architecture of the epoch.

After the Russian capital was moved from Moscow to St. Petersburg in the 18th century, the Tsar’s estate began to lose its importance. In 1768 the dilapidated palace was disassembled.

Only two centuries later, in 1990s, the palace was decided to be reconstructed. By this time the original basement of the palace was covered with a centuries-old forest. Thus the reconstructed building was relocated to the far end of Kolomenskoye Park.

The wooden palace of  Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Kolomenskoye

The wooden palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich

The original Tsar’s Courtyard
The ensemble of the Tsar’s courtyard was formed in Kolomenskoye by the 1670s. It represented a complex of structures which included the wooden palace, the stone building of Church of Our Lady of Kazan that was connected to the palace by a passageway, the Prikazniye Chambers (the Chancellery), the Colonel’s Chambers where chiefs of regiments that guarded the palace were housed, Fryazhsky (Dry) Cellar and Sitny Yard where drinks for the Tsar’s table were prepared.

The original Tsar’s courtyard was surrounded by the fence with two gates: the Front Gate (or the Palace Gate) and the Spassky Gate (or the Back Gate). The Front Gate served as grand entrance to the royal palace while the Back Gate was mostly used for household needs.

The solid stone wall that adjoins the Back Gate and continues toward the Church of Our Lady of Kazan as well as the wall of the Sitny Yard are extant elements of the wall of the Courtyard.

Nowadays, the Front Gate and Sitny Yard complexes house the museum expositions.

A part of the original Tsar’s courtyard Kolomenskoye

A part of the original Tsar’s courtyard

Church of the Icon of Our Lady of Kazan
There is another ancient church in Kolomenskoye, which is devoted to the Our Lady of Kazan icon, one of the most respected icon in Russia (hence the name). The church was built under Tsar Aleksey Mikhailovich in 1644 and served as a family chapel. Its interiors were painted and richly decorated with carpets and fabrics.

In 1651, the wooden building of the church was replaced by the present stone one. The new structure was connected to the Tsar’s palace by a covered passage.

The Church was closed between 1941 and 1942. Nowadays, services are held all the year round.

Church Icon of Our Lady of Kazan Kolomenskoye

The Church of the Icon of Our Lady of Kazan

Church of St John the Baptist
Another place of interest in Kolomenskoye is the five-tented Church of St John the Baptist, built during the late period of Ivan IV the Terrible’s reign, approximately in the middle of the 16th century.

It is believed that the Church served as a prototype for St. Basil (Intercession) Cathedral on the Red Square and was constructed by the same architects.

Ivan the Terrible chose this church for his birthday feasts and holiday worships.

At present, the Church is located in a wild area a little far away from the Tsar’s Courtyard and is surrounded by an ancient cemetery.

Church St John Baptist

The Church of St John the Baptist

House of Peter I in Kolomenskoye
The house was built in 1702 on the St. Mark Island at the outfall of the Northern Dvina River flowing into the White Sea. The tsar lived in this wooden cabin for 2 months and supervised the construction of Novodvinsk fortress and the Russian fleet at Arkhangelsk.

The house of Peter I consists of three living rooms and can boast a great amount of windows.

The house was relocated 2 times: in the 19th century it was transported to Arkhangelsk and, in 1936, it was transferred to Kolomenskoye.

Today, the house is given to the museum exposition, dedicated to the Peter’s life and work.

House of Peter I  Kolomenskoye

The House of Peter I in Kolomenskoye

 

 


Other Moscow attractions:

 

Tsaritsino, a park with a magnificent historical architectural ensemble, picturesque ponds, musical fountains, scenic landscapes and timeless atmosphere.

The Kremlin, a symbol of the Russian State, one of the greatest architectural complexes in the world, a treasure house of relics and monuments of art.

It took 44 years to build the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. Today, it is the main temple of the country.

The building of the Bolshoi Theatre is one of the symbols of Moscow and Russia.

Novodevichy Convent is the oldest and probably the most beautiful functioning cloister in Moscow.

Novodevichye cemetery is the most famous cemetery in Moscow. It is included in the UNECO list of the World heritage.

Serednikovo, a manor ensemble representing the Russian neoclassical architecture of the 18th century.

Izmailovsky Kremlin, a cultural and entertainment complex built with imitation of the Russian architecture of the 18th century.

Ghost town Piligrim Porto will make you feel like a time traveller: old houses, narrow streets, the Catholic Church, guillotine and even a full-size ship stranded on land!


 

 

 

4 thoughts on “The Kolomenskoye estate

  1. Adam

    The park was excellent, if you care to learn a little Russian before you come to russia, you will find it to be fine.

    A great place to visit well presented can’t wait to go back.

    Reply
  2. Pete

    This park is really under-sold. I saw no signposts from the metro station. Had to keep showing local people my guide book and get pointed in right direction. In the park, they could do with a visitor centre providing a map of the park and showing where all the sights are. There are a few blue signposts around but not enough and they are not clear enough. They will point you a certain way, then you reach a T junction, then no more signs. Really bad! Could do with this park being more user friendly for visitors.

    Reply
  3. admin Post author

    Hello Freddy!

    There is timetable on the Kolomenskoe website, but it is in Russian only
    http://www.mgomz.ru/posetitelyam/rezhim-rabotyi-ekspozitsiy

    We’ve translated it:

    Park is open daily from 8.00 (8 am) to 21.00 (9 pm)

    Museums’ expositions are open daily, except Mondays
    From April 1 to September 29: Tuesday-Friday and Sunday from 10.00 (10 am) to 18.00 (6 pm), Saturday from 11.00 (11 am) to 19.00 (7 pm)
    From September 30 to March 31: Tuesday-Sunday from 10.00 (10 am) to 18.00 (6 pm).

    Bells of St George’s belfry chime daily each quarter-hour from 13.30 (1.30 pm) – 15.30 (3.30 pm), except Monday and Tuesday.

    Reply
  4. Freddy

    OK so what are the opening hours in October? Have been to the Kolomenskoe website and no hours there either. Astonishing! So bad!

    Reply

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